New Zealand dairy systems are characterised by extensively- managed outdoor herds which calve in spring. Such systems allow cattle to perform a wider range of normal behaviours than is possible in more intensive conditions. However, there are aspects of extensive management which may compromise the welfare of dairy cattle. These include practices which are intrinsic to the management system and strategic interventions. This paper will discuss some of the issues pertaining to the welfare of dairy cattle, the methods by which welfare is assessed and attitudes within the local and international community regarding the management of dairy cattle in New Zealand.
Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, Volume 53, , 139-142, 1993
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