Reducing "idling" time of cattle, redirecting responses away from bark chewing, or applying a "repellent" substance could be potential management tools for controlling damage to pine trees. Egg- powder, copper carbonate, thiram, cattle dung and scatole were compared as repellents. The dung treatment was the most effective in preventing bark chewing. Egg-treated trees were licked and not chewed. As a readily available material, cattle dung has a potential use in the control of bark chewing.

PD, Black

Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, Volume 42, , 55-58, 1982
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