Behaviour patterns which were relevant to parturition and formation of the cow-calf bond were studied and where possible related to calf survival. The relationship of maternal experience (i.e. primigravid v multigravid) to these behaviours was also studied. It was possible to predict the order in which the cows calved and the time of calving. Social isolation, localisation and ingestion of the placenta and associated fluids were found to influence calf survival. Maternal experience was directly related to the occurrence of these behaviours.

NJ, Marnane, LR Matthews, R Kilgour, and M Hawke

Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, Volume 42, , 61-64, 1982
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